A genome is the totality of an organism's hereditary information.  

The total genomic information of a species and population can be called pangenome.

It is usually encoded either in DNA or, formany types of viruses, in RNA. 

The genome includes both the genes and the non-coding sequences of the DNA/RNA.


Genome: A 1930 neologism, this is the second oldest "-ome".

It is definedas " A complete haploid set of chromosomes with its associated genes."

It's use has increased significantly since the inceptionof the "Genome Project" in 1984.